Working Area

By , July 18, 2009 12:18 am

Champaran the Karm Bhoomi

About East & West Champaran

Champaran is the extreme remote rural area of Bihar situated at extreme north-west boundary of the State of Bihar. In the north of Champaran, we have the boundary of Nepal, In south Gopalganj District, in the east there are Muzaffarpur, Shivhar and Sitamarhi districts of Bihar while is west this region is surrounded by the boundary of Uttar Pradesh, This region has its own natural beauty comprises of mountain reivers named Gandak, Sikerhana, Lalbegia, Pandaie, Mashan, Dhanuti and Chandrawat and Himalaya’s mountain rage in which someswar mountain is famous. And the rivers enable this region to have enrich forest area popularly known as Vdaipur and Balmikinagar. In which Balmikinagar is also famous for Balmiki Ashram and Gandak Baraz. This region has nearly 100 km long boundary with Nepal. Having such a long international boundary, this region has its own importance in Indian union. This region is spread over the area between 27052′ to 54043E Longitude.

Inspite of said natural endowment, this region is the most undeveloped and backward region. The concentration of SCs and ST Population is maximum in this region. Sometimes it is said that Champaran is the Capital of “Mahadalit Population” of Bihar.

Socio-Economic View

Bihar, the home of 8 percent Indian has only 3 percent of the total geographical are of the Indian Union. Due to such uneven distribution of population, the population density of this state has become 832/square K.M. of area after the separation of Jharkhand is November 2000. The BPL population of this State is 41.4% as per census 2001 and 15 percent BPL families of the total BPL families of India are resided in Bihar.

Champaran is exactly characterized by all attributes of Backwardness of Bihar. Popularly known as the “Dhan Ka Katora” and famous of Sugarcane cultivation, each and every villages of this region has its own orchard of Mango and Lichi . One can’t get a village without pound in this region. Besides this, Champaran has most fertile soil with assured irrigation system and six sugar mills. Inspite of Such facilities, the proportion of poor people is this region is also very high. Amongst poor, the proportion of SCs/STs/EBSs/ Minorities and Women Dominated families is very high. The main cause of this poverty is the uneven distribution of land, nearly 39 percent households of this area are landless. Proportion of rural poverty is 42.1 percent. Amongst the households, owned a piece of land, 30 percent household have unscientific piece of land (i.e. 0.40 hectares), Majority of land of this region is occupied by so called landlords big farmers, treders who called themselves. as the state of this region. Remaining major portion of land are captured by robbers and the group of robbers of this region. As it is known to all the Champaran is popularly known as “Mini-Chambal”. In this way, the association of Samant and robber has destroyed the Socio-Economic status of the mass people of Champaran. The land use pattern of this district is as follows:-

Total Area = 11,96,819 Acres
Forest Area = 2,26,790 Acres
Agriculture Land = 5,15,097 Acres
Non-agricultural land = 68,283 Acres
Land under water = 1,73,078 Acres
Homestead land = 1,84,764 Acres

Academic Status:

Literacy Rate – 39.63%
No. of Govt. Primary Schools – 1340
No. of Middle Schools – 284
No. of High Schools – 68 (Including minority & Primary School)
No. of Constituent College – 03
No. of Industrial Training Institute- 01

The literacy rate of this region in which the first literacy campaign was launched in 1917 by the initiation of Late Mahatma Gandhi is loverst in the state. And with such mass illiteracy, masses of this region are bound to face their multi-dimensional exploitation with Silence.

In such a scenario, a group of Social activist decided to fight for the right of the masses and initiated for that. Their efforts has come in front with the name of ALOK (Antyodaya Lok Karyakram). The head of ALOK is sitated in Bahuarwa Village of Nautan in West Champaran District. West Champaran has come in existence as district in 1972.

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